And Jonesing for a Web3 Fix

Meteor's daily newsletter is your essential read for keeping up with the new technologies transforming the creative arts and culture, from Web3 to AI and beyond. Today we tackle the broken music industry and how artists are turning to crypto as a solution.

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Your Monday Need to Know: People are Genuinely Excited About Web3 Music

Sales crashed 95% from January to December 2022 but music NFTs keep attracting artists and labels nonetheless.

There is genuine excitement, coming off of a few undeniable albeit still rare successes, at least from the musicians' point of view.

Big names like Steve Aoki, 3lau, Grimes, Eminem, Snoop Dogg, Kings of Leon – the list goes on – have made millions from NFT drops. Then on the other end we've seen Web3 natives, independent artists with less of a track record in the industry, like Violetta Zironi, turn to Web3 to save struggling careers.

There is also desperation, coming off of the terrible creator economics around streaming. Everyone is Jonesing for a new revenue fix, and many are turning to Web3 as their best shot, ready or not.

To make sense of what's going on, and what's next, we spoke with two leading Web3 music experts: Dan Fowler, product lead at HiFi Labs, a creative incubator uniting crypto and art; and Mike Kasdan a partner in the Intellectual Property Group at Wiggin and Dana, and adjunct professor at NYU School of Law.

The following highlights were distilled from a wide-ranging Twitter Spaces discussion held last Friday, Feb. 24.


  • Despite headwinds the music industry is still bullish on NFTs
  • Royalties as a business model are in trouble, Web3 provides tools for musicians to monetize much smaller fan bases compared to streaming to generate sustainable income for artists
  • There is a lot of experimentation going on, simple ownership models are not the future
  • NFTs are inspiring brand new forms of creativity based on new technology, this is a pattern we've seen over and over again when new transformative styles like jazz, rock 'n roll, punk, hip hop and EDM moved from fringe to mainstream
  • The tech needs to get simpler and more predictable, that is still a long way off

Twitter Spaces Highlights

Classic music royalties are basically dead for all but the top 1 percent. The industry as a whole needs to move past that model.

Web3 is no panacea. What we've seen so far is not the ideal or the end game. We are going to see lots of new experiments. The future of this is very far off.

Web3 won't replace streaming because it can't compete as a distribution platform. If it succeeds, the two will live alongside each other.

The essential value proposition of Web3 is it allows artists to achieve a sustainable income off a much smaller fan base than ever before, and develop deeper and richer connections to fans.

Web2 music depends on reaching millions of casual listeners on third party platforms like Spotify, Youtube and TikTok. Web3 will be about directly connecting and deeply engaging with thousands or even just hundreds of fans. To see how this works, visit, one of the leading music NFT marketplaces.

NFTs are more than just about owning a digital asset, they can be programmed to include many other things, such as tickets to shows, special access and bonus assets, such as collections consisting of 1/1 mints of a single music track paired with dozens or thousands of unique digital artworks.

Artists and collectors need to be careful to understand the underlying smart contract on NFTs they create and purchase. Many of these are not fully on-chain, leaving them vulnerable to non-enforcement.

There's also some uncertainty over what's allowed on marketplaces where these are traded. When one of Rhianna's producers sold NFTs offering a small percentage of his share of the royalties on B*tch Better Have My Money, NFT marketplace Opensea de-listed them.

Web3 on-boarding is terrible and a major barrier to entry for most people. To go mainstream, Web3 will need to fix this. Hybrid on-boarding efforts, like Reddit's Superbowl drop, can get millions of new people on Web3 without the hassles of maintaining their own wallets or even understanding they now own an NFT, but they also risk abstracting away from the core principle of decentralization.

Web3 music may need to be more than just a business model – it may need to develop unique cultural characteristics that set it apart as a genre and not just a way to monetize an audience. There are parallels here with Web3 gaming, where developers who focus on tokenomics over gameplay often fail to catch on with players.

Web3 music collectives are catching on, similar to streaming collectives that re-shared each other's tracks to boost listeners back in the day. This can open up some unique collaborative energy that could set Web3 apart as a genre, for example, through shared Creative Commons or other licenses that enable sampling and re-mixing superpowers, including novel revenue-sharing agreements baked in for re-use.

The space is still waiting for a breakout moment from a Web3 native musician or community that really nails the experience, something that sparks a feedback loop between an artist, fans and collectors that's big enough to capture the attention of the world.

Musical breakthroughs in the past, like Hip Hop, Punk, Grunge and EDM, were all driven by new technology, but they also developed unique vibes and social codes that were essential to mainstream adoption.

To go mainstream, Web3 music may need to develop its own native vibe that's authentic and unique to the medium, possibly new musical styles or forms of its own. This might involve generative music AI, such as the Audioglyphs collection, or virtual bands, such as The Whales, which was signed by DefJam Records earlier this month. These approaches already seem to be aligned with Web3 business models and norms, although they remain niche.

Audioglyph #2790: One of 10,000 randomly generated, infinite audio NFTs derived from on-chain Pixelglyph data.

Deep Reads

Meteor's Curated List to Get You Up to Speed on Web3 Music

The case for a post-royalties music industry - Water & Music
One could argue that royalties are the bedrock of today’s recorded-music industry, and one of the primary means by which music creators are paid for use of
NFTs in Music: Why They Are Taking Off in the Music Industry - Save The Music Foundation
What is NFT in music? ✓ Learn the impact of NFTs on the music industry. There is no avoiding the invasion of cryptocurrency and blockchain in music!
Web3 Music - Artists and Influencers You Need to Follow
The world of web3 music can be confusing! In this article I’ve put together a list of artists and influencers that have helped me understand it.
Web3 Collectives
Learn about collectives in web3 like LNRZ, Songcamp and Zoratopia.
Generative Music NFTs - A Deep Dive - Audiohype
Learn more about generative music NFTs - what they are, how to create them, how to mint them and more!
How Web3 can really disrupt the music industry...
And why it will come from independent musicians
HIFI Labs spins out its web3 music data layer as Neume - Music Ally
Startup HIFI Labs has been doing some interesting things around music and NFTs: for example its partnership with artist RAC.

Need to know news to keep you curent on this week's Big Idea

Mike Kasdan on LinkedIn: #nft #license #rihanna #superbowl #music #blockchain #web3 | 39 comments
Breaking down the "real-world legal contract specifying the terms of the streaming royalties and guaranteeing real-world ownership for the NFT holder" for… | 39 comments on LinkedIn
Def Jam Signs Virtual Band The Whales in Latest Major-Label Web3 Partnership
Backed by a “who’s who” of producers and songwriters, the NFT band signed to the label via a deal with Web3 tech studio WAGMI Beach.
Napster follows Limewire and Winamp into the Web3 and NFT space
Napster famously allowed its 80 million plus users download music for free until it was shut down over 20 years ago.
Spotify Is Testing Token-Enabled Music Playlists
The pilot is currently only available for Android users in the U.S., U.K., Germany, Australia and New Zealand.
Hume, A Web3 Entertainment Co., Signs With CAA
EXCLUSIVE: Hume, a Web3 entertainment company, has signed with Creative Artists Agency. CAA will help Hume identify and create opportunities across a variety of areas, including licensing and merch…
Reddit Releases Themed Avatars for Super Bowl LVII
Reddit’s avatars have proven surprisingly popular.

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